At the start of any interior design project, we wonder in what style should create our interior home in order to feel good in that environment. While I emphasize the main characteristics for each one of them, I will try to join some interiors or products that illustrate each style separately. If someone likes classic lines, you can’t suggest something modern because she believes that what is proposed isn’t represented for her taste, devoid of atmosphere, simple and will not transmit anything.
- Modern Minimalist Style: This style is a form of extreme accuracy; nothing is too much, without heavy backgrounds. The emphasis is on simplicity, the colors may be dull or bright, in any case flashy colors. Pieces are either geometric shapes – square, rectangular, round, but the surfaces are clean, no scenery, no details. Minimalist modern style by its name, illustrates the simplified forms. Below are the sample images for reference.
- Classic Style: It is a refined style, developed, rich in details, which are found both in the structure of furniture, lighting, etc. as well as in sets, prints. The furniture is the “art” type, carved or inlaid details and applies. Decorated with floral elements, vegetable, various leitmotif or scenes drawn from legends.
- Rustic Style: Style structure is a crude, rough details, structure elements of furniture / lighting can be in tree trunks, logs, branches, jute. Style is found in mountain vacation homes, rural.
- Classic Reinterpreted Style: It is a refined style, elegant, where classic forms details are found in a new approach. The forms preserves the structure of old forms or parts in general updating them sometimes or some elements of a furniture style combined with modern elements, creating that fusion between old and new. Finishing parts are in a new approach-painted and varnished, with different and innovative colors, surface gold, silver, finished with patina or serigraphic.
- Retro Style: It is the style of ’50s, ’60s or ’70s. In that period it is anticipated design pieces to come. The songs have a playful approach, funny structure, their form and the play of colors and prints that we find in each piece. Print with geometric shapes, lines, plaid or printed with illustrations belonging to the Pop Art style.
- Maverick Style: It is part of modern style; his approach is very inventive, unusual and unconventional. Young, explosive, inventive not respect the rules. Structure can be obtained by joining pieces, overlapping volumes and volumes twisting colors can be randomly chosen even for the same room, seemingly nothing happens, only part of the eccentricity of this style.
- Contemporary Style: The style is contemporary-modern style but maintains a hot line through selected finishes and color range used. The songs do not seem very new, modern, and cool. Colors are balanced, warm, bright tones and pastel can be out of the question when it comes to this style. Finishes warm, wood-veneer, solid wood doors with frames or appearance to look more polished and panels upholstered with leather or sometimes, may be characteristic of this style. Textile materials, velvet, plush, upholstered pieces per skin are often used in shaping the ambiance characteristic of this style. Printed plates, vegetable or floral color stains cannot be used to amaze complete certain parts of decorated cushions, carpets, etc. Scandinavian modern style can be defined as a contemporary style.
- High-tech Style: High-tech style is an innovative modern style, the emphasis being on furniture structure where every detail of combination is not random and it is part of that structure.Screws, rivets, wheels apparent booms, rough metal finishes, appearances bulbs are specific to this style. The finishes used are often of metal, glass and plastic and wood in small proportions and for parts we find fabric-upholstered as simple as we can, leather. The colors are often dull-gray, white, small black scale.
- Elegant Country Style: Rural style is elegant furniture style with influences from English, French or Scandinavian classic pure style can be called rural chic. Furniture finishes are nice, bright colors-white, pastel colors and forms were taking over traditional furniture but not abundant decorations. Surfaces are painted or sometimes have a slight patina.
Contemporary art in interior design can establish a focal point, define a color palette, or even be the inspiration for an entire home. Art can take many forms such as paintings, sculpture, glass art, or ceramics. The mood that a contemporary art piece conveys can be equally diverse.
Contemporary art in interior design includes the display of:
- Canvas paintings
- Photographs (especially black and white motifs)
- Art prints
- Mixed media paintings or montages
- Metal art
- Glass art
- Found objects, musical instruments, tools, or industrial elements
- Pottery or ceramics
- Mobiles or kinetic sculptures
- Art lamps or chandeliers
- Art clocks
Concepts in contemporary art are wide-ranging and involve everything from abstract compositions to pop art creations. Famous abstract artists include the works of Jackson Pollock and Mark Rothko, who expressed colors and patterns with amorphous subject matter. Pop art takes inspiration from mass media imagery like advertising, comics, or cinema. Andy Warhol and Roy Lichtenstein are notable pop artists who took familiar images from popular culture and crafted them into cultural statements.
The streamlined, sleek interiors of modern designs often leave room for a nice collection of artwork. Eclectic rooms can also benefit from eye-catching contemporary art pieces. In addition, transitional rooms often feature modern art as these design bridges traditional and contemporary elements.
Landscape design is a process of developing practical and pleasing outdoor living space.
Principles of Landscape Design
Unity is the Quality of Oneness
Unity attracts and holds attention. It organizes view into orderly groups with emphasis. Unity starts with the story line developed in the family analysis
Line Connects and Defines the Space, Creating Outdoor Rooms
Lines are a powerful design element that define rooms and connect people to the landscape. For a professional touch, use sweeping bold lines and curves rather than small zigzags and small wavy curves.
Form Includes the Three-Dimensional Mass
Form is determined by the line, direction, and arrangement of branches and twigs. The resulting mass influences the scale. For unity, repeat the topography form in plant forms.
- Horizontal and spreading forms emphasis the lateral extent and breath of space. They are comfortable because it corresponds with the natural direction of eye movement.
- Rounded forms are most common in plant materials. They allow for easy eye movement and create a pleasant undulation that leads itself to plant groupings.
- Vase-shaped trees define a comfortable “people space” beneath the canopy.
- Weeping forms lead the eye back to the ground. What is below the weeping form often becomes a focal point.
forms direct the eyes upward, so use sparingly. Grouping pyramidal will soften the upward influence. They will look more natural in the surroundings with foliage to the ground.
Texture is Fine/Coarse, Heavy/Light, Thin /Dense, and Light/Shade
Texture can be defined as the relationship between the foliage and twig size, and the mass of the plants. Close up, texture comes from the size and shape of the leaves, the size of twigs, spacing of leaves and twigs, the colors and shading, the gloss or dullness of leaves. Etc. At a distance, texture comes from the entire mass effect of plants and the qualities of light and shadows.
A colloquial term used to classify a product that will not cause damage to the environment. In practice, the term has no specific meaning, other than to indicate that the design and manufacture of the product attempts to reduce waste, or minimize carbon emissions, compared to competitive products.
In interior designing it is the practice of increasing efficiency with which buildings use resources- energy, water and material; while reducing building impacts on human health and the environment.
Principles of eco-friendly interior design:
- Use organic and natural materials.
- Use energy efficient lighting.
- Choose products with low VOC (Volatile organic compounds) content.
- Choose eco-friendly wall coverings.
- Have furniture from natural wood.
- Use stone or wood for flooring.
- Use wool stuffed organic materials and beddings.
INTERIOR LANDSCAPE DESIGN
Interior landscaping is the practice of designing, arranging, and caring for living plants in enclosed environments.
‘Interior landscaping’ is an appropriate term because indoor environments contain plains, angles, and horizons that are softened, accentuated or altered by the addition of plants and planters-thus landscaping the interior.
Interior landscaping is also known as plantscaping and interiorscaping
Obtained by adding wool and alginate a natural polymer found in seaweed to the clay of the brick.
It is made using crushed glass, wood chips and slag a by-products of steel manufacturing.
Recycled paper insulation is an attractive environmentally friendly option for people looking to build or renovate a home. Insulating a home is an important way to be energy efficient. Good insulation will help to keep a house warm in the colder weather and cool in the warm weather. This helps to cut down on the amount of energy required to heat or cool the home. An energy efficient home is kinder to the environment and also costs less to run. This dual benefit makes finding and installing good insulation products an important part of building or maintaining a green home.
There are many forms of insulation available, however some new green options, including recycled paper insulation, are providing an exciting option for people who are looking for an energy efficient house.
Insulated glazing (IG), more commonly known as double glazing (or double-pane, and increasingly triple glazing/pane) is double or triple glass window panes separated by a vacuum or other gas filled space to reduce heat transfer across a part of the building envelope.
To save the ecosystem there are paints with non-toxic elements. These environmental friendly choices are made for a healthier lifestyle. The use of Eco Paints ensures a healthier body and greener environment to live. The Eco-Paints are Non-toxic with zero VOC (Volatile Organic Content) and have no odour and can be tinted to any color your heart or home desires with non-toxic tints. Eco Paints are also safe for the chemically sensitive.
The Eco-Paints are produced from fewer than 250 chemical components and more than 98 % of these chemicals are naturally derived from plant sources and minerals. Most of the ingredients have been used for centuries or more. The raw materials that are low in toxic substances, renewable and feature a low environmental footprint.
In Eco-Paints, the paints, stains, thinners and waxes are made from naturally-derived raw materials including citrus peel extracts, essential oils, seed oils, tree resins, inert mineral fillers, tree and bee waxes, lead-free dryers and natural pigments.
Green Wallpaper and Wall Coverings
The latest trends in environmentally friendly wallpapers use a mixture of naturally sourced fibers, recycled paper products and managed timber sources as ingredients to manufacture eco friendly wallpapers and wall coverings for homes. Traditional wallpapers used inks and solvents that were chemically based while modern eco friendly techniques are using water based inks, non woven substrates that are comprised of renewable materials and synthetic fiber, improving recyclables, and many of the solvents used in the manufacture of eco friendly wallpaper and coverings are VOC free.
Eco Friendly Flooring Options
Flooring is the general term for a permanent covering of a floor, or for the work of installing such a floor covering. Floor covering is a term to generically describe any finish material applied over a floor structure to provide a walking surface. Both terms are used interchangeably but floor covering refers more to loose-laid materials.
Materials almost always classified as floor covering include carpet, area rugs, and resilient flooring such as linoleum or vinyl flooring. Materials commonly called flooring include wood flooring, ceramic tile, stone, terrazzo, and various seamless chemical floor coatings.
Following are the Eco Friendly flooring options
Cork is an impermeable, buoyant material, a prime-subset of bark tissue that is harvested for commercial use primarily from Quercus suber (the Cork Oak), which is endemic to southwest Europe and northwest Africa. Cork is composed of suberin, a hydrophobic substance and, because of its impermeable, buoyant, elastic, and fire retardant properties; it is used in a variety of products, the most common of which is wine stoppers
A bamboo floor is a type of flooring manufactured from the bamboo plant. The majority of today’s bamboos flooring products originate in China and other portions of Asia. Moso bamboo is the species most commonly used for flooring.
Linoleum, also called Lino, is a floor covering made from materials such as solidified linseed oil (linoxyn), pine rosin, ground cork dust, wood flour, and mineral fillers such as calcium carbonate, most commonly on a burlap or canvas backing; pigments are often added to the materials.
The finest linoleum floors, known as ‘inlaid’, are extremely durable; they were made by joining and inlaying solid pieces of linoleum. Cheaper patterned linoleum came in different grades or gauges, and was printed with thinner layers which were more prone to wear and tear. High quality linoleum is flexible and thus can be used in buildings where a more rigid material (such as ceramic tile) would crack.
Glass tiles are pieces of glass formed into consistent shapes.
Polished concrete is concrete that has been treated with a chemical densifier and ground with progressively finer grinding tools. The grinding tools are usually progressive grits of diamond grinding cup wheels and diamond polishing pads. Typically, concrete is not considered polished before 400 grit, and it is normally finished to either the 800, 1500, or 3000 grit level. Stains and dyes are often applied to enhance polished concrete as well as other options such as scoring, creating radial lines, grids, bands, borders, and other designs.
A carpet is a textile floor covering consisting of an upper layer of pile attached to a backing. The pile is generally either made from wool or fibers such as polypropylene, nylon or polyester and usually consists of twisted tufts which are often heat-treated to maintain their structure.Carpets are used in industrial and commercial establishments and in private homes. Carpets are used for a variety of purposes, including insulating a person’s feet from a cold tile or concrete floor, making a room more comfortable as a place to sit on the floor (e.g., when playing with children or praying in Arabic culture) and adding decoration or colour to a room.
Rubber Flooring has long been used in commercial applications but is now becoming popular for domestic situations. Rubber floors are hypoallergenic and are water, mould and bacteria-resistant. For these reasons, rubber floors are often used in basements, bathrooms, kitchens, laundry rooms, garages and recreation rooms.